Article of the Month
This number appears OPENLY only twice in the Bible — once
in Revelation 7, the other time in Revelation 14.
However, it is HIDDEN and found only by careful
CALCULATION as early as Genesis 15 and as late as
Much has been misunderstood about this number. It has been woefully maligned and misinterpreted
by those less well informed of God’s plans and purposes.
THE BODY OF CHRIST
The true meaning of the number becomes manifest by
understanding just who “Messiah” is.
Messiah is a Hebrew word. Its Greek equivalent is “Christ.” Its English equivalent is “Anointed.”
Its meaning in God’s plan is this:
From ancient times God determined that He would
raise up someone to SAVE mankind from the death sentence
imposed for the disobedience in Eden (Genesis 2:17;
“Savior” would be God’s “anointed” choice to do the work
of restoring mankind to all that was lost.
(Acts 3:20, 21)
Christianity recognizes Jesus as the one who is
that Savior, Christ, Messiah, and Anointed. But Scripture is careful to point out that Jesus
is only a PART of that promised blesser.
In I Corinthians 12:12-27, the Apostle Paul carefully
delineates that Christ is NOT ONE, but a GROUP — a “body”
of people. Unfortunately, Christianity has corrupted this concept
to teach that UNLESS a person is part of that “body”, he
is LOST! The teaching is absurd to the extreme!
The whole point of the Christ is to SAVE
EVERYBODY — not to make everybody a part of the Savior!
The Old Testament hinted at the plurality of this
Obadiah 21 says “Saviors
will appear on
Mount Zion. . .”
This is the Old Testament equivalent of
Revelation 14:1 which says “. . . the Lamb was standing
on Mount Zion, and with him one hundred and forty-four
Thus the Bible SPECIFIES the number of people who will
constitute the “body of Christ.”
SMALL, BUT NOT SO SMALL!
some will exclaim.
Are you telling me that only 144,000 individuals
are going to heaven?
More on that in a moment.
But what we ARE saying is that the “body of
Christ” (the Messiah, the Anointed) is ONLY a hundred
and forty-four thousand. Jesus called them “a little flock”. (Luke 12:32)
He points out that only a “few” find and
successfully traverse that “narrow way” that will lead
now to life (in advance of the world) — the rest of
mankind still walking that “broad” way that keeps them
in the way of “destruction” until the new “highway” will
be opened for them.
(Matthew 7:13, 14; Isaiah 35:8-10)
The body of Christ — that singular group of disciples
which will administer Christ’s Kingdom on earth — is very
They, and only they, will receive life within
themselves (the true meaning of the word “immortality”. See the April, 2011 Article of the month.) It is only right that they shall have been
carefully tested and that their number will be small.
Nevertheless since about 2,000 years has been set
aside to select this group, the AVERAGE number of those
successfully being accepted as part of “The Christ” is
72 per year. That is six people per month over a 2,000 year
period — small, but not so small!
DO ONLY 144,000 GO TO HEAVEN?
The answer is no. There is a great multitude (Revelation 7:9) of
individuals who have set out with hope of being part of
“the Christ” who have not been successful in the
rigorous standards of overcoming. They have not been unfaithful, but they have also
not met the high standards.
Because they have contractually given up their
humanity to follow Christ, they, too, will receive a
resurrection in heaven rather than on earth.
How many are they?
We don’t know.
The Revelator says that no man can number them.
But we do know one thing:
they do not “receive a FULL REWARD”.
(II John 8)
They will not be a part of “the anointed.”
And, their number will be far smaller than those
who enjoy the beauties of a resurrection on a perfected
“great multitude” is of necessity comprised of very
sincere Christians; and Christianity (not to mention its
hordes of insincere “believers” which Jesus calls
“tares” in Matthew 13) has never been a majority
religion. (See the Article of the month for August, 2008 regarding
the Great Multitude.)
The second plainly stated use of the number 144,000 is
in Revelation 7. It is the forepart of the text which discusses
the “great multitude.” Some have concluded from this context that the
144,000 mentioned here are not the body of Christ, but a
select company of converted Jews. This is incorrect for several reasons:
Revelation 14:1 along with Obadiah 21 fairly clearly
shows that Mount Zion (representative of the new
government of the Millennial Age) is Jesus with his
faithful body — the SAVIORS of mankind numbering 144,000.
Revelation, being a book of symbols, cannot simply be
read as literal statements. It becomes a quagmire of contradictions and
absurdities if read that way. “Jews” in Revelation represent Christians.
With that in mind, it is important to note that the
twelve tribes listed in Revelation 7 are not the
twelve tribes of Israel listed elsewhere. This is because these twelve are
representative of characteristics to be found in the
“body of Christ.” The two “missing tribes” (Dan and Ephriam)
represent two groups who will not be found in the
“body of Christ.” Dan represents the “Second Death” Class — those who
have lost faith and who have denied the Lord. Ephraim (which means multi-fruitful) is not
really missing! It is missing from the “body,” but it
represents the “great multitude” of fruitful Christians
of verses 9-17 who have been fruitful, but only fruitful
enough to receive a partial reward.
(II John 8)
THE FOUR RESULTS OF RESURRECTION
In Psalm 45, the Lord has provided an inspired list of
the four groups of humanity who will ultimately receive
life through the resurrection process. Two of these groups will be in heaven; two will
be on earth.
Psalm 45:13, 14. “The King’s daughter” is the “bride of
Christ” — the Anointed, the 144,000.
Psalm 45:14, 15.
“The Virgins, her companions” are the “great
multitude” class of Revelation 7:9.
Psalm 45:16. “Princes in all the earth” is that large
company of Old Testament faithful ones mentioned in
Hebrews 11. According to Hebrews 11:35, 39, and 40, these have a
resurrection BETTER than the world in general, but not
so great as that of the Christ. Thus, men like John the Baptist are not
part of a heavenly reward.
Psalm 45:17. The “all generations” here mentioned constitute
the remainder of the human race — by far the largest group
represented in this resurrection scenario.
The doctrinal import and beauty of the body of Christ’s
being limited to 144,000 very faithful individuals is
rational, Scriptural, and very comforting. Rather than being a concept that challenges our
ideas of justice or of the future, it is a doctrine that
represents the character of God in its full beauty.